Oral metamizol (1 g and 2 g) versus ibuprofen and placebo in the treatment of lower third molar surgery pain: randomised double-blind multi-centre study
Planas ME, Gay-Escoda C, Bagán JV, Santamaría J, Peñarrocha M, Donado M, Puerta JL, García-Magaz I, Ruíz J, Ortiz P. Oral metamizol (1 g and 2 g) versus ibuprofen and placebo in the treatment of lower third molar surgery pain: randomised double-blind multi-centre study. Cooperative Study Group. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1998 Feb;53(6):405-9.
To assess the efficacy of metamizol 1 g and 2 g in the relief of pain after surgical extraction of the lower third molar, and to compare the therapeutic effect with that of ibuprofen 600 mg or placebo.
A total of 253 patients aged between 18 years and 60 years who had undergone extraction of the lower third molar (types II-IV) under local anaesthesia, up to a maximum of 108 mg of mepivacaine, were randomly assigned to a single oral dose of a new galenic form (drinkable vials) of metamizol 1 g (n = 75), metamizol 2 g (n = 72), ibuprofen 600 mg (n = 74) or placebo (n = 32). Pain intensity was evaluated by a 100-mm visual analogue scale. To enter the study, a pain level of 50 mm or more was required. The duration of the trial was 1 h. Assessments were carried out at 15, 30 and 60 min after treatment.
The analgesic efficacy of metamizol 2 g was significantly better than ibuprofen and placebo with regard to all evaluated parameters. The values of the pain intensity difference at 15 min, the percentage of patients with a decrease of 50% or more on the visual analogue scale at 60 min and the sum of pain intensity differences at 60 min showed metamizol 2 g to be significantly more effective than metamizol 1 g. In general, metamizol 1 g was as effective as ibuprofen 600 mg. The analgesic efficacy of placebo was significantly lower than that of all active treatments. A lower number of patients treated with metamizol 1 g (n = 1) or metamizol 2 g (n = 1) needed rescue medication than those given ibuprofen (n = 7) or placebo (n = 5). No serious adverse effects developed and none of the patients had to leave the study for this reason.
The model of the lower third molar, for which the analgesic outcome referred to the first hour after drug administration, demonstrated that the analgesic efficacy of oral metamizol 2 g was significantly higher than that of ibuprofen 600 mg or placebo. Metamizol 1 g and ibuprofen 600 mg showed a similar therapeutic effect. All regimens were as well tolerated as placebo.